Members of the Parliament’s Board of Directors
On April 6, the State Duma turned down a bill which prohibited the spouses and children of the officials to run business. In line with the 2015 law, the MPs have been banned from doing their own business, be it personally or via proxies. Sofia Savina is looking for the MPs who violate their own law.
The 2016 income declarations of the MPs reveal their land plots, non-residential premises, horse and pig breeding farms, sporting and tourism facilities and vending outlets. In the 7th State Duma there are lot of the members who own factories, farms and other enterprises.
In 2012, the State Duma stripped a member of the Just Russia faction Gennady Gudkov of his mandate for combining parliamentary work with running a business. The move was initiated by the Prosecutor General Yuri Chaika. Gudkov has been the second MP stripped of the tenure bypassing court.
Meat named after myself
The MP (United Russia) Alexander Zhupikov has been running an agrarian business in the Tambov region since 1990s. In 2011, he was elected a member of Tambov regional Duma.
In his 2016 declaration he mentioned a land plot and a meat processing plant occupying that land plot. Now Zhupikov combines parliamentary responsibilities with the business. He has been a solo owner of the Agrofirma Zhupikov Ltd and two more firms. Besides, he owns shares in three trading companies.
Another “meat” MP from the United Russia, Alexander Iltyakov from Kurgan, has been the owner of the Veles meat processing plant. He owns 45% of its shares, with the rest belongs to his army friend Dmitry Kashirin (45%) and his brother Dmitry Iltyakov (10%).
The project of development of meat production had been approved by President Vladimir Putin and included into the Popular Front’s program.
Alexei Lavrinenko, the United Russia’s MP from the Stavropol region, also runs agricultural business. He has been a founder and chair of an agricultural cooperative and the Apanasenkovagropromsnab trade company.
Svetlana Maksimova (United Russia) founded her farming company in 1997 as a solo entrepreneur. In her 2011 declaration she mentioned business as a way of making living, a swine house and three tractors. In 2016, she also owned a share in two crop-producing and trade cooperatives.
Bator Aduchiev (United Russia) declared 18 land plots, totally 7.1 million m2 in Kalmyk republic. He founded the Aduchi cattle breeding firm and has been the chair of its Board of directors.
Sergei Kazankov (Communist party) has declared warehouses, shops and a land plot. He chairs the Zvenigorodsky state farm in Marii El republic and has been a founder of two other agricultural companies.
Ivan Demchenko declared two land plots, a horse farm and a fishery site. He has been a founder of three companies.
Brewery, hotel, filling station
Vladimir Panov from Nizhny Novgorod (United Russia) has been a chairman of the BoD in the Minvata plant.
In 2016, he declared a land plot and shares in 28 companies, including restaurants, construction companies, beauty salon, brewery, outwear production, arts and jewelry shops and a newspaper.
Victor Pinsky (Maritime region, United Russia) declared a land plot. He has been a founder of a tourism company and a shareholder in a recreation site near Vladivostok.
Alexei Khokhlov (UR) declared a steelworks workshop, five land plots. He has been a founder of the Tekstilmashkompozit machinebuilding company. His wife Lyubov owns the engineering center he had founded earlier.
Yuri Napso (LDPR) has been a founder of the National fuel company and his wife owns fuel industry equipment and three gas filling stations.
In a fuss
In order to bypass the law, the parliamentarians often employ two schemes: they either transfer their business to trust management, or re-register it on their relatives. Land ownership is not illegal for the MPs.
Still, that could lead to the conflict of interests, Russian political expert Mikhail Karyagin told the Russiangate.
“One should distinguish between executive and legislative powers. The officials have much more tools to facilitate their business. The legislators can only initiate the laws but that is much more complicated and lengthy process. The MPs can lobby the big business for reward”, he said.
Some MPs combine the “standard” scheme of hiding their business and ownership of the land plots.
Andrei Palkin (UR, Arkhangelsk region) has established 16 construction companies since late 1990s. He has been the richest member of the Duma.
His annual income amounts to 578 mln rubles, he owns a land plot, clay reservoir and electric substation. Formally, he has not been running any business, but his son Pavel owns several companies. Some of them have won state contracts on 88 mln and 49 mln rubles.
Alexander Polyakov (UR) declared in 2016 a machine-assembling workshop. Formally, he has not got shares but the companies he had founded earlier have been re-registered on his daughter Alina.
The same scheme employs Eugeny Serper, who declared a land plot this year. In 2015, he founded the Tsentrotorg Ltd and in October 2016 he transferred it to his relative Sofia Serper. Since its founding, the company has struck six state contracts on 29 mln rubles.
The Tsentrotorg itself has been a founder of the Syzran meat processing plant. Last year, Eugeny Serper canceled his membership in its BoD but two more people with the same surname remain there: Alexander and Sergei.